TED Stockings for DVT Prophylaxis
Coronary Artery Disease
Congestive Heart Failure
What is congestive heart failure?
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a serious condition caused
when the middle layer of the heart known as the
myocardium cannot pump blood quickly enough to keep up with
the oxygen and nutritional needs of the body's tissues. Because
the heart can't circulate all the blood it receives, fluid backs
up and causes
or swelling of the tissues.
What are the statistics?
What are the causes?
- Congestive heart failure affects 3 to 4 million people
in the United States, with 400,000 new diagnoses a year.
- This staggering figure will most likely increase as the
American population ages. The occurrence of CHF for both men
and women doubles each decade after the age of 45.
- CHF has become a major cause of death by cardiac disease
with estimated deaths of 200,000 per year in the United
- CHF has a major effect on many people's lives; they can
become very weak and are forced to limit their physical
activity. In some cases, people with severe CHF may be
confined to their beds for many months or even years.
What are the symptoms?
Coronary artery disease (CAD)
- Prior heart attack that produced scar tissue that
interferes with proper muscle contraction
- Heart valve disease
- Damage to the heart muscle itself
- Long-term kidney disease
How is it treated?
- Shortness of breath when you exert yourself
- Difficulty breathing when at rest or lying down
- Swollen legs and/or ankles, or a swollen abdomen
- Weight gain due to retained fluids
- Pitting edema, a condition in which when a fingertip is
pushed into the swollen area, often the ankles, an
indentation or small "pit" is left behind
- Hacking, dry cough, or wheezing
- Palpitations, chest pain during normal activities (not
just during exertion), or prolonged tiredness
- Increased urination during the night
- Confusion or dizziness
- Irregular or rapid heartbeats
There are three primary ways doctors treat patients with CHF
Your doctor may recommend measures that will help reduce the
work the heart has to do. These include rest (emotional and
physical), losing weight, and assisted circulation (use of
mechanical devices to help the blood circulate).
- Alleviating the underlying cause. This is the first
strategy a doctor will consider. Any problems or defects
related to the heart valves are corrected by surgery. High
blood pressure is treated with medication. Infections that
may affect the heart or its valves are treated with
- Alleviating the precipitating causes. This involves
treating various conditions such as anemia, kidney failure,
liver failure and/or breathing problems, and controlling
factors such as emotional stress, the intake of alcohol,
fever, and the amount of fluid in the body.
- Treating the signs and symptoms of CHF. Your doctor may
prescribe medications to improve the performance of the
heart muscle. These drugs include angiotensin-converting
enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, beta blockers, cardiotonics, and
In order to control retention of salt and water, your doctor may
also prescribe diuretics and/or recommend that you limit your
salt intake. If the situation worsens, accumulated fluid may
need to be removed using a needle.
|Kendall Travel Socks
||Patients with Cardio Vascular Diseases such as Myocardial Infarction
(Heart Attack), Congestive Heart Failure and Stroke have been
classified under VERY HIGH RISK group with the risk factor of 5.
Click here to
know what is your risk score.
Combined use of both TED Anti
Embolism Stockings and SCD Sequential Compression System is
recommended for HIGH RISK patients.
Effective DVT Prophylaxis in HIGH RISK