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TED Stockings for DVT Prophylaxis
All About DVT - Cardio & Health

Heart Attack
Coronary Artery Disease
Unstable Angina
Congestive Heart Failure

What is congestive heart failure?
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a serious condition caused when the middle layer of the heart known as the myocardium cannot pump blood quickly enough to keep up with the oxygen and nutritional needs of the body's tissues. Because the heart can't circulate all the blood it receives, fluid backs up and causes edema, or swelling of the tissues.

What are the statistics?

  • Congestive heart failure affects 3 to 4 million people in the United States, with 400,000 new diagnoses a year.
  • This staggering figure will most likely increase as the American population ages. The occurrence of CHF for both men and women doubles each decade after the age of 45.
  • CHF has become a major cause of death by cardiac disease with estimated deaths of 200,000 per year in the United States alone.
  • CHF has a major effect on many people's lives; they can become very weak and are forced to limit their physical activity. In some cases, people with severe CHF may be confined to their beds for many months or even years.
What are the causes?
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • Prior heart attack that produced scar tissue that interferes with proper muscle contraction
  • Hypertension
  • Heart valve disease
  • Damage to the heart muscle itself
  • Diabetes
  • Long-term kidney disease
What are the symptoms?
  • Shortness of breath when you exert yourself
  • Difficulty breathing when at rest or lying down
  • Swollen legs and/or ankles, or a swollen abdomen
  • Weight gain due to retained fluids
  • Pitting edema, a condition in which when a fingertip is pushed into the swollen area, often the ankles, an indentation or small "pit" is left behind
  • Hacking, dry cough, or wheezing
  • Palpitations, chest pain during normal activities (not just during exertion), or prolonged tiredness
  • Increased urination during the night
  • Confusion or dizziness
  • Irregular or rapid heartbeats
How is it treated?
There are three primary ways doctors treat patients with CHF
  1. Alleviating the underlying cause. This is the first strategy a doctor will consider. Any problems or defects related to the heart valves are corrected by surgery. High blood pressure is treated with medication. Infections that may affect the heart or its valves are treated with antibiotics.
  2. Alleviating the precipitating causes. This involves treating various conditions such as anemia, kidney failure, liver failure and/or breathing problems, and controlling factors such as emotional stress, the intake of alcohol, fever, and the amount of fluid in the body.
  3. Treating the signs and symptoms of CHF. Your doctor may prescribe medications to improve the performance of the heart muscle. These drugs include angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, beta blockers, cardiotonics, and vasodilators.
Your doctor may recommend measures that will help reduce the work the heart has to do. These include rest (emotional and physical), losing weight, and assisted circulation (use of mechanical devices to help the blood circulate).

In order to control retention of salt and water, your doctor may also prescribe diuretics and/or recommend that you limit your salt intake. If the situation worsens, accumulated fluid may need to be removed using a needle.


Kendall Travel Socks
Patients with Cardio Vascular Diseases such as Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack), Congestive Heart Failure and Stroke have been classified under VERY HIGH RISK group with the risk factor of 5.  Click here to know what is your risk score.

Combined use of both TED Anti Embolism Stockings and SCD Sequential Compression System is recommended for HIGH RISK patients.



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